Dear collegues and experts,
following this year’s “Capturing Technology. Rethinking Arms Control” conference on 6 November, we wish to express our gratitude to all the distinguished high-level speakers, the excellent expert contributions and the many participants from all around the globe. We saw a deep and fruitful exchange between high-profile government officials, senior academic experts and top-level industry players on a wide range of issues related to the military use of emerging technologies, global and European security and the prospects for arms control.
The ministerial panel illustrated how the topic of emerging technologies and the future of arms control has arrived at the highest political level. As Foreign Minister Heiko Maas pointed out “If war is an ever-changing chameleon –then we need to look at arms control as a chameleon, too. We need to preserve it, strengthen it –and adapt it to our new age.” Together, the five EU Foreign Ministers launched a joint declaration to “strengthen the role of the EU in promoting arms control for a new technological age”.
The challenges posed by emerging technologies still need to be fully understood, as Minister Ann Linde of Sweden called to attention in her speech: “If we do not keep up, however, the risks are clear: the use of novel weapons systems with unknown and far-reaching consequences, dangerous and costly arms races, increased instability and sensitive technologies falling into the wrong hands.” Even more risks emanate from the potential interconnection between emerging technologies and nuclear weapons, as Minister Tomáš Petřiček of the Czech Republic observed: “Technological advancements also significantly influence nuclear arms control. Hypersonic weapons and other new forms of delivery systems represent a fundamental shift, which must be integrated into any future arms control framework.”
As Minister Stef Blok of the Netherlands reminded the 1000 + listeners in the livestream, political commitment to the existing arms control system is essential: “Over the centuries we’ve built up a robust system that in theory should be able to control the current technological developments in weapon systems. But our system of international law is only robust if the international community shows political backbone.” The European perspective on arms control provides an important basis for this political commitment, as Minister Pekka Haavisto of Finland indicated: “Based on the EU’s unique strengths–our bridge-building role, our extensive network of partnerships, and our uniquely broad external action toolbox –I see great potential for a more active EU role in tackling the challenges of new technologies.”
These key themes were developed further in the subsequent panel sessions by distinguished colleagues and experts from many different countries. Besides involving EU partners, the conference provided a platform for high-level speakers from Brazil, China, India, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States, who shared their thinking about tomorrow’s arms control architecture and reminded the audience that the tasks ahead can’t be mastered by single countries or regions on their own: Arms control continues to be a multilateral endeavour that can only be accomplished via multilateral cooperation across the globe.
The expert workshop held on 5 November touched extensively on the many intricacies of emerging technologies in the field of Artificial Intelligence, the need for Confidence and Security Building Measures in new domains such as space and cyber, the prerequisites for a successful multi-stakeholder approach to arms control, and the opportunities of emerging technologies for verification purposes. The topics of these workshop sessions, prepared and conducted by the conference’s six partner institutes, can also be found in the conference reader, along with more insights on strategic stability and Europe’s role in global arms-control. The highly interactive workshop session clearly provided a platform for a multitude of experts to work on one central theme: trust as both an enabler and a result of arms control.
As Ambassador Amandeep Gill has summed up: Trust is an analogue commodity and cannot be digitalised. It is about real actors trusting each other. “Rethinking Arms Control” will follow the advice offered by Izumi Nakamitsu, UN High Representative for Disarmament, to “intensify and sustain regular dialogue to secure our common future” by keeping up the momentum of this initiative.
With best regards,
Team for Disarmament and Arms Control
German Federal Foreign Office