Forum for Supporting the 2020 GGE on LAWS

Webcast Meeting hosted by the Federal Foreign Office Berlin

1-2 April 2020

 

Wednesday, 1 April
From 13.30 CESTParticipants are invited to log on to www.rethinkingarmscontrol.de/lawsforumberlin
14.00 CEST

Opening Session
Setting the frame for supporting the 2020 GGE on LAWS

 

Introductory Remarks

Rüdiger Bohn, Deputy Federal Government Commissioner for Disarmament and Arms Control, German Federal Foreign Office

Opening Statements

Heiko Maas, Federal Foreign Minister
Izumi Nakamitsu, Under-Secretary-General and High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, United Nations, New York

 

 

Remarks on the way forward in the GGE

Janis Karklins, Permanent Representative of Latvia to the United Nations, Geneva, Chair of the 2020 GGE on LAWS

 

Followed by Q & A with the Chair of the GGE

14.45 CEST

Working Session I
Defining the human role in the use of lethal force – Part I

 

The GGE has approached the human role in the development and use of weapon systems based on emerging technologies in the area of LAWS under various framings and terminologies. Working sessions I allows for an exchange of views on “human-machine interaction”. Different perspectives will be offered by military practitioners, industry representatives and scientific experts. Following their input, delegations are invited to share their views on key questions such as:

  • How should the human role in the use of lethal force be addressed by the future operational and normative framework?
  • How to qualify the concept of “human control / supervision” and their relevance to the GGE’s work?
  • Which forms and degrees of human judgment, supervision, interaction or intervention will help ensure responsible use and development in compliance with international law?
  • How do other factors, such as system design, testing and the operational context, affect the requisite or appropriate form and degree of human involvement in the operation of future weapon systems?

 

Speakers:
Karl Chang, US-Department of Defense, Associate General Counsel for International Affairs
Martin Hagström, Deputy Research Director, Swedish Defence Research Agency
Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Koch, Fraunhofer FKIE / University of Bonn, Chief Scientist FKIE and Head Sensor Data and Information Fusion FKIE-SDF

 

Followed by Q & A with the panelists

16.00 CEST
Break
16.30 CEST

Working Session I continued
Defining the human role in the use of lethal force – Part II

 

Speakers:
Florian Keisinger, Campaign Manager Future Combat Air Systems (FCAS) Airbus Defence and Space GmbH
Col. Jun Yamada, Military Advisor to the Delegation of Japan to the Conference on Disarmament, Geneva
Kathleen Lawand, Head, Arms Unit, Legal Division, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
Giacomo Persi Paoli, Programme Lead, Security and Technology UN Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR), Geneva

 

Followed by Q & A with the panelists

18.00 CEST
End of Day One
Thursday, 2 April
From 13.30 CESTParticipants are invited to log on to www.rethinkingarmscontrol.de/lawsforumberlin
14.00 CEST

Working Session II
Developing and Elaborating the Guiding Principles

 

During the 2019 GGE a range of additional items emerged as possible further Guiding Principles. This session would offer room for delegations to deliberate on their approach towards the work ahead on the Guiding Principles. Do any of the current principles merit substantiation or clarification? Should the current list be expanded? Do important additional elements need to be considered?

 

Opening Statement:

Rüdiger Bohn, Deputy Federal Government Commissioner for Disarmament and Arms Control

Speakers:
Murielle Marchand, Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of Belgium to the UN, Geneva
Pamela Moraga, First Secretary Disarmament, Permanent Mission of Chile to the UN, Geneva
Mikaël Griffon, Deputy Director, Arms Control, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Paris
Alessandro Candeas, Ambassador, Director of the Defence Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Brasilia

 

Followed by Q & A with the panelists

16.00 CEST
Break
16.30 CEST

Working Session III
Possible elements of the normative and operational framework

 

Based on the discussions in the preceding sessions, this conclusive session will be dedicated to an exchange of views on possible elements of the normative and operational framework. It will offer delegations the opportunity to share their vision on how the recommendations resting on the Guiding Principles and the consensus elements from the GGE’s work on legal, technological and military aspects could be used to serve as building blocks for the framework. How can prior experiences from other fora serve as examples? What status should the future framework possess and what are the implications for the GGE-recommendations?

 

Speakers:
Amanda Wall, Attorney Adviser, Political Military Affairs at the U.S. Department of State
Anja Dahlmann, Researcher and Coordinator, International Panel on the Regulation of Autonomous Weapons (iPRAW)
Lt. Col David Walker, Ministry of Defence of the United Kingdom, Conventional Weapons Policy in the Counter Proliferation and Arms Control Centre
Bonnie Docherty, Associate Director of Armed Conflict and Civilian Protection, Harvard Law School, Harvard University

 

Followed by Q & A with the panelists

18.00 CEST
Meeting closes